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1 edition of oil industry and microbial ecosystems found in the catalog.

oil industry and microbial ecosystems

oil industry and microbial ecosystems

proceedings of a meeting organized by the Institute of Petroleum and held at the University of Warwick, England, September 1977

by

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Published by Heydon & Son on behalf of The Institute of Petroleum in London .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementedited by K.W.A. Chater and H.J. Somerville.
ContributionsChater, K W A., Somerville, H J., Institute of Petroleum.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21060684M

This book covers the ecological activities of microbes in the biosphere with an emphasis on microbial interactions within their environments and communities In thirteen concise and timely chapters, Microbial Ecology presents a broad overview of this rapidly growing field, explaining the basic principles in an easy-to-follow manner. Using an integrative approach, it comprehensively covers. networks to build complex ecosystems. This new endea-vor will help develop new applications for synthetic ecology [41,42–44], and enhance our fundamental un-derstanding of evolution and dynamics in natural microbial ecosystems. From systems to ecosystems biology of biological networks While several genome-scale network reconstructionsFile Size: KB. of highly persistent oil, such as a heavy fuel oil (HFO), has the potential to cause widespread damage in the intertidal zones of shorelines through smothering. However, toxic effects are less likely for HFO, or other highly viscous oil that has low water solubility, as the chemical components of the oil have a low biological availability.


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oil industry and microbial ecosystems Download PDF EPUB FB2

Oil industry and microbial ecosystems. London: Heyden on behalf of the Institute of Petroleum, © (OCoLC) Material Type: Conference publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: K W A Chater; H J Somerville; Institute of Petroleum (Great Britain).

Ratledge, in Microbial Production of Food Ingredients, Enzymes and Nutraceuticals, Safety. Microbial oils are a relatively recent development with the first one being only marketed in (see Section ).As may be imagined, tremendous pressure was placed on the company producing the oil (J & E Sturge, North Yorks, UK) to have it extensively tested for any possible toxicity.

Most highly controlled and specific applications of microorganisms in biotechnology involve pure cultures. Maintaining single strain cultures is important for industry as contaminants can reduce productivity and lead to longer “down-times” during sterilisation.

However, microbes working together provide distinct advantages over pure by: Synthetic microbial ecosystems for biotechnology Maintaining single strain cultures is important for industry as contaminants can reduce productivity and lead to longer "down-times" during.

The book is suitable for a broad readership from engineers in the oil and gas industry, to microbiological researchers. There is a good mix of figures and tables, which makes the book very engaging.

It has a clear approach to explaining the complex nature of MIC in upstream processing. The current chapter provides a detailed discussion of the main findings in the field of microbial oil production with simultaneous wastewaters treatment and evaluates the potential of this microbial oil as feedstock for biodiesel production as well as the possibility of industrial application of this technology.

Microbial biotechnology appli cations in olive oil industry Microbial biotechnology applications in olive o il industry, mainly attempts to obtain added- value products from OMWs are summarised in. Oil in the sea from anthropogenic sources, whether from spills or chronic releases, is perceived as a major environmental problem.

Major oil spills occur occasionally and receive considerable public attention because of the obvious attendant environmental damage, including oil-coated shorelines and dead or moribund wildlife, especially oiled seabirds and marine mammals. The dynamics of microbial ecosystems in oil-contaminated soils under application of the patented bio-remediation technology of the Man Oil Group (Switzerland) were investigated in the field and laboratory in turf and sand with different degrees of contamination by oil products over 5 : Elena Maklyuk, Ganna Tsygichko, Ruslan Vilnyy, Alex Mojon.

How Specific Microbial Communities Benefit the Oil Industry: Dynamics of Alcanivorax spp. in Oil-Contaminated Intertidal Beach Sediments Undergoing Bioremediation attracted the attention of both the general public and the scientific community due to their great impact on coastal ecosystems.

Although many petroleum hydrocarbons are toxic. Microbial ecosystems. The majority of life on Earth, both in biomass and numbers, is microbial. Microbes are the basis of the Arctic food web and moderate biogeochemical cycles, but their diversity and ecosystem functioning are only now being explored.

Microbial ecology (or environmental microbiology) is the ecology of microorganisms: their relationship with one another and with their concerns the three major domains of life—Eukaryota, Archaea, and Bacteria—as well as viruses.

Microorganisms, by their omnipresence, impact the entire ial life plays a primary role in regulating biogeochemical systems in. The industrial revolution has led to significant increases in the consumption of petroleum hydrocarbons. Concomitant with this increase, hydrocarbon pollution has become a global problem resulting from emissions related to operational use, releases during production, pipeline failures and tanker spills.

Importantly, in addition to these anthropogenic sources of hydrocarbon pollution, natural. The microbiological hazards in table olives. Fermented vegetable technology is based on lactic acid and alcoholic fermentations, that convert sugars to different end-products, and the obtained food products take on new and different characteristics (Hutkins, ).To enhance the quality of final product is one of the main scientific and technological challenges for table olive production Cited by: 2.

The Handbook of Research on Uncovering New Methods for Ecosystem Management through Bioremediation focuses on the agricultural industry’s impact on climate change, presenting critical concerns as well as innovations and contemporary research toward the solutions sorely needed by the global economy.

With a primary consideration of. They also explain how healthy and balanced ecosystems can be created and maintained using strategies ranging from oil biodegration and detoxification of azo dyes to biofouling.

In addition, the book illustrates how the metabolic abilities of microorganisms can be used in microbial fuel-cell technologies or for the production of : Paperback. MOLECULAR ANALYSIS OF MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES FROM OIL INDUSTRY ENVIRONMENTS Magdalena K. Sztyler A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy of the University of Portsmouth Institute of Biomedical and Biomolecular Sciences School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences May File Size: 4MB.

Researchers analyzing the genomes of microorganisms living in shale oil and gas wells have found evidence of sustainable ecosystems taking hold there—populated in part by a.

Oil exploration and exploitation has been on-going disastrous impacts on the environment in the region and has adversely affected people inhabiting that region. The Niger Delta is among the ten most important wetland and marine ecosystems in the world.

The. In the spirit of Joshua Lederberg’s advocacy for examining host-microbe relationships from an ecological perspective, this chapter depicts a variety of host-microbe-environment interactions as dynamic equilibria.

These include the range of microbial communities that comprise the human microbiota, the taxonomically simple but genetically complex microbial communities known as bio-films, and. Papers and pulp are renewable resources. Therefore, recycling and reusing are two popular concepts related to this industry.

Application of microbial cellulases is usually utilized for this purpose. The application of cellulases in this industry is broader. Starting from the s up to now the possible applications are branching toward many by: 1. This book is a single-source reference on environmental issues surrounding the offshore oil and gas industry.

The scale of information covered in the text is unique: it includes detailed data and multidisciplinary discussion on every facet of the by: Short-term effects vary with the type of environment, amount of oil, effect of waves and weather, and type of oil: light, medium or heavy.

Offshore and Coastal Waters The loss of predators has a cascade effect on ecosystems, and offshore, the most vulnerable species are those found on the sea surface. Microbial ecosystem and methanogenesis in ruminants - Volume 4 Issue 7 - D. Morgavi, E. Forano, C. Martin, C. NewboldCited by:   The Science — And Environmental Hazards — Behind Fish Oil Supplements Author Paul Greenberg says the harvesting of tiny fish for omega-3 supplements is having a ripple effect, leading to.

The development of petroleum industry into new frontiers, which caused ecological damage after application for abatement of spilled oil in marine ecosystems (Smith, Effects of nutrient concentration on the biodegradation of crude oil and associated microbial.

Introduction. Microbial ecosystem has increasingly draw our attention for its pivotal roles in the maintenance of Earth's biosphere and sustaining life.It also has great application potential in the production of new-generation bioenergy, sewage treatment (Rittman, ) and serving as medical targets for intestinal us researches have shown that interactions between Cited by: Microbial oil is a triglyceride produced by a microbe, and is similar to vegetable oil, another biologically produced species of yeast are able to convert food into triglycerides and accumulate the produced lipids when fed carbohydrates.

Production of microbial oil has been researched for production of biodiesel, because impure carbohydrates such as agricultural residues, e.g.

waste. Environmental Risks of the Oil Industry 5. Conclusions and Recommendations Related Chapters Glossary Bibliography Biographical Sketch Summary This chapter aims to present the main environmental impacts of the oil and gas industry throughout the stages of exploration and discovery of new deposits, hydrocarbon production and oil refining.

Horizon oil spill on the health of the marine ecosystem. To understand the effects on key elements of the marine food web, one Dauphin Island Sea Lab scientist is comparing microbial samples taken before the oil spill to samples that were exposed to Deepwater Horizon oil.

A flow cytometer is used to analyze bacteria, archaea andFile Size: 1MB. Hydrocarbon extraction and exploitation is a global, trillion-dollar industry. However, for decades it has also been known that fossil fuel usage is environmentally detrimental; the burning of hydrocarbons results in climate change, and environmental damage during extraction and transport can also occur.

Substantial global efforts into mitigating this environmental disruption are : Elisabeth Richardson, Joel B. Dacks. Significance of Microbial Biodiversity Conservation. While microbial communities are potentially affected by natural and anthropogenic activities such as agriculture, use of pesticides, pollution and urban development, it is not yet known how changes in microbial diversity can influence ecosystems.

With the advances in biological sciences, microbiology techniques to be applied to people in all areas of production and life, this paper introduces the microorganisms in the oil industry in all sectors such as oil and gas exploration microorganisms, microbial enhanced oil recovery and microbial degradation of the oil pollution and other aspects of the : Ji Hua Wang, Shan Shan Zhang.

The ability to fight bacterial infections with antibiotics has been a longstanding cornerstone of modern medicine. However, wide-spread overuse and misuse of antibiotics has led to unintended consequences, which in turn require large-scale changes of policy for mitigation. In this review, we address two broad classes of corollaries of antibiotics overuse and by:   Dec.

6, — USGS announces an assessment of continuous oil and gas in Texas and New Mexico's Delaware Basin, the largest USGS has ever conducted, with.

Importance of soil microbial diversity Biodiversity is the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.

This. This book provides a timely review of strategies for coping with polluted ecosystems by employing bacteria, fungi and algae. It presents the vast variety of microbial technologies currently applied in the bioremediation of a variety of anthropogenic toxic chemicals, mining and industrial wastes and other pollutants.

Microbial ecology. The study of interrelationships between microorganisms and their living and nonliving environments. Microbial populations are able to tolerate and to grow under varying environmental conditions, including habitats with extreme environmental conditions such as hot springs and salt lakes.

Coexisting bacteria form various microbial communities in human body parts. In these ecosystems they interact in various ways and the properties of the interaction network can be Cited by: @article{osti_, title = {Petroleum microbiology}, author = {Atlas, R.M.}, abstractNote = {This book contains 17 chapters.

Some of the chapter titles are: Microbial Metabolism of Cyclic Alkandes; Microbial Production of Methane; The Fate of Petroleum in Marine Ecosystesm; Effects of Hydrocarbons on Microorganisms; Treatment and Disposal of Petroleum Refinery Wastes; and Hydrocarbons as. Munching Microbes Aid Environment, Oil Industry Date: Janu Source: University Of Houston Summary: A University of Houston researcher is working with the oil industry and the.

Microbial ecologist employ a variety of diverse analytical techniques to understand the critical role of microbes in specific ecosystems and in maintaining life on earth. SUMMARY Microbial ecology is the study of microorganisms’ interactions with their living and nonliving environments.the oil industry.

J. P. (Koos) Visser Chairman, E& P Forum Environmental Quality Committee (–6) Jacqueline Aloisi de Larderel Director, UNEP, Industry and Environment Centre (UNEP/IE) Environmental management in oil and gas exploration and production An overview of .